Silk – the most expensive natural fibers used for making carpets less than wool. Silk – a thread from which suites cocoon of the silkworm, insect feeding on leaves of mulberry (mulberry). Homeland silk is considered to be China. Now silkworm, besides China, bred in Iran, Turkey, India and some former Soviet republics. The highest quality silk produced in China, as well as in Iran in areas adjacent to the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. Cotton commonly used to create the foundation of the carpet (although silk carpets are often made and the basis of silk). Knots in cotton knit little.
The exceptions are some tribal rugs, where cotton is used to emphasize the contrast in the image fine details. What dyes are used? As you know, these carpets create only from natural yarns – wool, silk and cotton. But with the colors, everything is differently. Even in countries with centuries-old culture of carpet weaving is increasingly synthetic dyes are used along with natural. Most often, the yarn for carpet color is 'synthetic'. Sometimes synthetic dyes used in conjunction with the natural. Carpets, rugs, colors and shades that give the only natural (natural) dyes are less common, usually tribal rugs. A small set of colors gives the creator of the carpet even basic material with which he works – the fleece. Depending on the sheep sheared wool suit is white, brown, yellowish-brown, yellow and gray – and is sometimes used unpainted. Of course, for the rich range east of the carpet is not enough.